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Dynamics of Poverty in Rural Bangladesh: A Research Framework


  • S. R. Osmani
  • Binayak Sen


Much has been written about the impact of various interventions, including microfinance, on poverty in rural Bangladesh, and yet many issues still remain poorly understood. The main analytical problem is that in order to appreciate the impact of interventions, it is first necessary to understand the nature of poverty dynamics i.e., the nature of trajectories along which the incomes of various groups of the poor (as well as the non-poor) are evolving over time; and the dynamics of poverty can only be discerned from longitudinal studies involving repeated surveys of the same sample of households at several points in time, but such studies are rare in Bangladesh. In order to fill this lacuna, the Institute of Microfinance intends to undertake a longitudinal study on poverty dynamics in rural Bangladesh, and the present paper lays out an approach towards such a study. The paper first develops an analytical framework for understanding the dynamics of poverty, and then presents a number of research questions that can be addressed through this framework. These research questions are derived from an analytical review of the existing literature focusing mainly on the few longitudinal poverty studies that exist but to some extent also on some cross-sectional studies that are relevant for the present purpose. The paper concludes by making some general remarks on the empirical methodology to be employed.

Suggested Citation

  • S. R. Osmani & Binayak Sen, 2010. "Dynamics of Poverty in Rural Bangladesh: A Research Framework," Working Papers 9, Institute of Microfinance (InM).
  • Handle: RePEc:imb:wpaper:9

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    More about this item


    Poverty Dynamics; Longitudinal Study on Rural Poverty; Impact Assessment;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General


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