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Lithuanian Agricultural and Food Industry: The Setting for Economic Reforms, The

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  • Natalija Kazlauskiene
  • William H. Meyers
  • Kyle J. Stephens

Abstract

After parliamentary elections and the formation of a new government, Lithuania declared the restoration of its independence from the USSR on March 11, 1990. Although Lithuania was not recognized as a separate state by the USSR and the world community until after the failed Moscow putsch of August 1991, the process of economic and political transformation began in 1990. The goal of the reforms is a democratic political system and a market-oriented economy. The agricultural and food industry has been emphasized in these reforms because of its historical significance and its current importance in the national economy. This report provides and overview of this industry leading up to and including 1989 so the context for the reforms and the potential consequences can be better understood. Emphasis is given to the structure of farming, agricultural production and productivity, food production and consumption, farm prices and profitability, and trade. Information presented on price reform decisions up to May 1991 is indicative of the type of change that is underway, but this process is continuing.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalija Kazlauskiene & William H. Meyers & Kyle J. Stephens, 1991. "Lithuanian Agricultural and Food Industry: The Setting for Economic Reforms, The," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 91-br3, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ias:cpaper:91-br3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kym Anderson, 1983. "The Peculiar Rationality of Beef Import Quotas in Japan," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 65(1), pages 108-112.
    2. Dermot J. Hayes & Thomas I. Wahl & Gary W. Williams, 1990. "Testing Restrictions on a Model of Japanese Meat Demand," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(3), pages 556-566.
    3. Thomas I. Wahl & Dermot J. Hayes & Gary W. Williams, 1991. "Dynamic Adjustment in the Japanese Livestock Industry Under Beef Import Liberalization," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(1), pages 118-132.
    4. Yujiro Hayami, 1979. "Trade Benefits to All: A Design of the Beef Import Liberalization in Japan," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 61(2), pages 342-347.
    5. Green, John R. & Hayes, Dermot J. & Khan, Linda & Kihl, Young Whan & Knipe, C. Lynn & Olson, Dennis & Ramaswami, Sridhar & Rust, Robert & Sapp, Stephen G. & Seim, Emerson L. & Wahl, Thomas I. & Clemen, 1990. "Meat Marketing in Japan: A Guide for U.S. Meat Exporting Companies," Staff General Research Papers Archive 539, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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