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Does short-term training activate means-tested unemployment benefit recipients in Germany?

Author

Listed:
  • Wolff, Joachim

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Jozwiak, Eva

    () (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Abstract

"This paper estimates for a sample of means-tested unemployment benefit recipients the effects of their participation in short-term training programmes in Germany. We apply propensity score matching and rely on a large sample of treated and controls from administrative data, which in contrast to data used in many comparable evaluation studies is rich in terms of information on household members. We regard a period after the beginning of the year 2005 just after a reform of the means-tested benefit system, which aimed at activating employable people in needy households. Short-term training programmes intensively target such persons. We study whether the programme has an impact on the 'regular employment' rate of the treated. Moreover, we also quantify whether it reduces their job-seeker rate and their rate of unemployment benefit II receipt. We estimated effects for within company and classroom training separately and find that mainly the former programme that establishes a contact to an employer has a considerable impact on the regular employment rate of the participants. The impacts on the other outcome variables are usually weaker. Our analysis considers effect heterogeneity. We generally distinguish between men and women in East and West Germany. But we also regard effect heterogeneity by age, migration background, qualification, unemployment rate, family status/children and time since last job. Both programmes tend to be less effective in particular for people aged younger than 25 years than for others. This may reflect that the programmes are also a tool to avoid that young adults are registered as unemployed for longer than three months." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Wolff, Joachim & Jozwiak, Eva, 2007. "Does short-term training activate means-tested unemployment benefit recipients in Germany?," IAB Discussion Paper 200729, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200729
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    Cited by:

    1. Hartig, Martina & Jozwiak, Eva & Wolff, Joachim, 2008. "Trainingsmaßnahmen: Für welche unter 25-jährigen Arbeitslosengeld-II-Empfänger erhöhen sie die Beschäftigungschancen?," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200806, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Begoña Cueto & Luis Toharia & Carlos García Serrano & Joan A. Alujas, 2010. "Los efectos de la formación ocupacional: ¿Importa la duración de las acciones?," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 195(4), pages 9-36, december.
    3. Bernhard, Sarah & Gartner, Hermann & Stephan, Gesine, 2008. "Wage subsidies for needy job-seekers and their effect on individual labour market outcomes after the German reforms," IAB Discussion Paper 200821, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Heyer, Gerd & Koch, Susanne & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2011. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 (Evaluation of active labor market programs : a summary of recent results for the German program refor," IAB Discussion Paper 201117, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Huber, Martin & Lechner, Michael & Walter, Thomas & Wunsch, Conny, 2009. "Do German Welfare-to-Work Programmes Reduce Welfare and Increase Work?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7238, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Stephan Gesine, 2008. "The Effects of Active Labor Market Programs in Germany: An Investigation Using Different Definitions of Non-Treatment," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 228(5-6), pages 586-611, October.
    7. Uhl, Maria & Rebien, Martina & Abraham, Martin, 2016. "Welche Ein-Euro-Jobber werden qualifiziert? : Qualifizierungsmaßnahmen im Rahmen von Arbeitsgelegenheiten mit Mehraufwandsentschädigung für Arbeitslosengeld-II-Empfänger," IAB Discussion Paper 201633, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    8. Stephan, Gesine & Zickert, Kathi, 2008. "Participation of unemployment benefit recipients in active labor market programs : before and after the German labor market reforms," IAB Discussion Paper 200815, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    9. Marco Caliendo & Ricarda Schmidl, 2016. "Youth unemployment and active labor market policies in Europe," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, December.
    10. Bernhard, Sarah & Hohmeyer, Katrin & Jozwiak, Eva & Koch, Susanne & Kruppe, Thomas & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2008. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland und ihre Wirkungen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200802, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    11. Caliendo, Marco & Mahlstedt, Robert & Mitnik, Oscar A., 2017. "Unobservable, but unimportant? The relevance of usually unobserved variables for the evaluation of labor market policies," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 14-25.
    12. repec:iab:iabdpa:201808 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trainingsmaßnahme - Auswirkungen; Beschäftigungseffekte; Hartz-Reform - Erfolgskontrolle; Arbeitslosengeld II-Empfänger; Bedarfsgemeinschaft; berufliche Reintegration; Lernort Betrieb; Lernort Schule; arbeitslose Frauen; arbeitslose Männer; regionaler Vergleich; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme; Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer; Integrierte Erwerbsbiografien; IAB-Bewerberangebotsdatei; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutschland; Bundesrepublik Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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