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Longitudinal administrative data: a complementary tool to measure poverty among Belgian elderly


  • Maes, Marjan

    () (Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB), Belgium
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium)


On the basis of a longitudinal administrative dataset (1991-2002) matched with socio-economic survey information of 2001, new evidence is provided on poverty among Belgian elderly that are in the transition from work to retirement. Results show that for the age group 50-65 1)means- tested benefits, although designed for and targeted at the poor, are insufficient to affect poverty rates and only reduce the intensity of poverty; 2) social security benefits, that are designed in order to insure social risks, effectively reduce poverty rates; 3) the working poor do not exist in Belgium, except for the self-employed. Poverty is rather concentrated among social security beneficiaries, especially the unemployed and the disabled; 4) although in a given year about 14% of Belgian citizens is out of the Income Tax Returns data, only 4.9% of households is permanently out of the Income Tax Returns data, suggesting strong income mobility across the minimum taxable income.

Suggested Citation

  • Maes, Marjan, 2008. "Longitudinal administrative data: a complementary tool to measure poverty among Belgian elderly," Working Papers 2008/20, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:hub:wpecon:200820

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    More about this item


    poverty measurement; FGT indices; economics of the elderly;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination


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