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Demographic Changes and Labour Market in Romania


  • Vasile, Valentina


Romania is facing a rapid demographic ageing, mainly due to negative natural increase after the dissolution of the former regime. The demographic behaviour was associated with birth postponement, a decreasing total fertility rate (1.3 at present), emigration (mainly in the early '90s). In 2000, the elderly exceeded the young population in number and percent. The demographic model tends to cope with the model of the European developed countries, but the race is regulated by the dynamics and effectiveness of the economic and social reforms. Working age population will significantly decrease after 2005. It will be associated with major imbalances by age groups, which may equally cause demographic, economic and social problems. The economic dependence ratio is worsening. Of the inactive people, 40 percent are pensioners and 29.4 are pupils/students. Labour migration potential is high, especially among upper secondary and university graduates. On long term Romania may turn into an immigration country with an important contingent of natives working abroad.

Suggested Citation

  • Vasile, Valentina, 2004. "Demographic Changes and Labour Market in Romania," Discussion Paper 212, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:piedp1:212

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    Cited by:

    1. Ramona Frunza & Liviu George Maha & Claudiu Gabriel Mursa, 2009. "Reasons And Effects Of The Romanian Labour Force Migration In European Union Countries," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 1(2), pages 37-62, December.
    2. Harkat, Tahar & Driouchi, Ahmed, 2017. "Demographic Dividend & Economic Development in Easter and Central European Countries," MPRA Paper 83481, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Emmanuel Olusegun STOBER, 2015. "Aging Population-A Cloud On Romania’S Economic Future," Management Research and Practice, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 7(4), pages 32-42, December.
    4. Ionela Gavrila-Paven, 2009. "EUROPEAN CRISIS’ EFFECTS UPON THE ROMANIAN ECONOMY Ionela Gavrila-Paven, “1 Decembrie 1918 University†Alba Iulia," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 2(11), pages 1-10.

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