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ハンガリーにおける賦課型年金制度改革

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  • 佐藤, 嘉寿子

Abstract

1998年,ハンガリー政府は,公的年金制度の抜本的改革を目指して「三本柱の年金制度」を導入した。その主眼点は,公的年金制度に,第二の柱として強制加入型個人積立型年金を追加することにあったが,第一の柱である賦課型年金制度が制度の中核であり続けることに変わりはなかった。であるにも拘らず,本稿の調査結果によれば,制度改革に関する政策論議や学術研究は,新規積立型年金にその多くの努力が注がれ,一方の賦課型年金は,制度再建に関する合意形成が十分には行われなかった。また,1998年以降の度重なる政権交代も,本来の制度改革を阻む要因となった。2010年,積立型年金の解消によって三本柱年金制度が挫折し,ハンガリーの公的年金は,再び賦課型年金制度一本によって運営されることになる。しかし,以上の経緯から,賦課型年金制度の問題点は十分に払拭されておらず,更なる改革努力が必要とされている。

Suggested Citation

  • 佐藤, 嘉寿子, 2012. "ハンガリーにおける賦課型年金制度改革," Discussion Paper Series 570, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hituec:570
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    Keywords

    1998 pension reform; Pay-As-You-Go system; funded system; three-pillar system; Hungary;

    JEL classification:

    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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