IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Corporate Governance and Long Term Performance of the Business Groups: The Case of Chaebols in Korea


  • Lee, Keun
  • Ryu, Keunkwan
  • Yoon, Jungmo


The existence of the business groups has been associated with market failure in emerging economies, and thus their performance has been argued and found to have declined with development of market institutions surrounding them. This paper takes up this issue of long-term performance of the business groups but argues that it has also to do with the internal problems, such as changes in the ownership and governance structure. It finds, with the Korea data and new method and theoretical grounds, that the relative performance of the business groups, the Chaebols, had consistently declined over the 1980s and 1990s although they were more efficient than the non-Chaebol firms during the early 1980s. The results are robust to different estimation methods, and also to controls for the possible survivorship bias, industry composition, and scale effects. The paper explains the performance change by examining the decrease of the shares held by the controlling families and the associated aggravation of the agency problem leading to unjustifiable expansion drives.

Suggested Citation

  • Lee, Keun & Ryu, Keunkwan & Yoon, Jungmo, 2004. "Corporate Governance and Long Term Performance of the Business Groups: The Case of Chaebols in Korea," CEI Working Paper Series 2004-3, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hitcei:2004-3

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Business groups; Long Term performance; Corporate Governance; Chaebols;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hit:hitcei:2004-3. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Reiko Suzuki). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.