Monetary Policy and Investment in Germany
This paper investigates monetary policy transmission at the microeconometric level. The credit rationing literature suggests that monetary policy has a larger effects on firms which are credit constrained. I use a large panel of German industrial firms to investigate whether this is empirically true in the German case. Whereas interest rates have only a weak effect on investment, I find strong evidence that monetary policy affects constrained firms more than others. Furthermore, investment is more sensitive to financial structure in periods of tight monetary policy. This contrasts earlier findings by Stöß (1996). The same result applies for periods of monetary tightness. I conclude that the credit channel is dominant in Germany. Given the findings for other countries this result indicates that financial systems in the Euro area are less different than suggested in previous studies.
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