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Modèles et méthodes pour la logistique urbaine: les problèmes de tournées de véhicules à deux échelons

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  • Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Ce travail s'intéresse à la modélisation du transport de marchandises en ville dans une optique d'aide à la décision, plus précisément sur les problèmes de tournées de véhicules (PTV) en introduisant une nouvelle variante qui combine deux niveaux ou échelons dans une approche systémique. Dans un premier temps, les principales expériences de " city logistics " en Europe son présentées, en faisant un zoom sur l'Italie, ainsi que des lignes d'action dans la planification des systèmes de distribution urbaine des marchandises qui puissent devenir opérationnels et efficients. Ensuite, cette thèse s'intéresse les principales problématiques et limites de l'optimisation de systèmes de transports à niveaux multiples, en unifiant les concepts et la notation via une proposition théorique de la gestion de systèmes de transport multi-niveaux. Ensuite, une nouvelle famille de problèmes est introduite. Ces problèmes d'optimisation de tournées de véhicules s'intéressent à des systèmes à niveaux multiples, en détaillant le cas basique : le problème de routes de véhicules à deux niveaux. Nous proposons des modèles mathématiques pour ce problème et des résultats numériques pour illustrer les avantages et les limites de la modélisation de ces systèmes.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu, 2013. "Modèles et méthodes pour la logistique urbaine: les problèmes de tournées de véhicules à deux échelons," Working Papers halshs-00922810, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00922810 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00922810
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    Keywords

    localisation; logistique urbaine; problème de tournées de véhicules; systèmes multiniveaux; management; localisation.;

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