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Comment le dollar devient-il une monnaie internationale ?

  • Michel Lelart


    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR6221 - Université d'Orléans)

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    Le dollar n'est pas une monnaie comme une autre, il est aussi une monnaie internationale. Ou plutôt il devient une monnaie internationale, chaque fois qu'il est transféré par les Etats-Unis au reste du monde. Cet article analyse toutes ces opérations qui sont regroupées dans la balance des paiements américaine et considère celle-ci comme le bilan d'une banque créatrice de monnaie. Il oppose ces mécanismes de création à ceux d'intermédiation qui sont habituellement privilégiés. Il poursuit ensuite l'analyse au niveau des stocks à travers la position financière internationale des Etats-Unis. Enfin il commente l'évolution de cette création de monnaie internationale par les Etats-Unis, en flux et en stocks, notamment l'impact de la crise dans les années 2008-2009.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00832389.

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    Date of creation: 10 Jun 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00832389
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