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Être keynésien au XXIe siècle : Patriotisme économique ou mondialisation keynésienne ?


  • Christophe Lavialle

    () (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - Université de Tours - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


In a 1933 text published by The Yale Review, John Maynard Keynes presents his arguments in favor of national self-sufficiency. He argues for the rejection of economic internationalism without control, and offers democratic countries adhering to the principles of political liberalism to implement the appropriate level of economic patriotism that maintains their social equilibrium and promotes an "ideal social republic" . While the crisis that began in 2008, which in many ways shows the limits of financial and real globalization without control, has revived Keynes teachings, this article produced a quite surprising echo. The challenge of this paper is precisely that it can be enlightening to analyze the issues of the current period in the light of this writing of Keynes, and of the positions he develops, to measure if, on this theme too, his thoughts remains current and insightful. The purpose of the communication is to identify the various arguments advanced by Keynes in his text and to analyze if they are current or obsolete. It is also to bring the argument, essentially intuitive, from that, more analytic, developed three years later in the General Theory. Finally, it is to show that the argumentation is part of the Keynes overall philosophy on economical, political and moral issues.

Suggested Citation

  • Christophe Lavialle, 2012. "Être keynésien au XXIe siècle : Patriotisme économique ou mondialisation keynésienne ?," Working Papers halshs-00827448, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00827448
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    Cited by:

    1. Nikolay Nenovsky & Pencho Penchev, 2013. "Historic View on the Protectionism in Bulgaria and Romania. Protectionism Theories of Mihail Manoilesku (1891-1950) and Konstantin Bobchev (1894-1976)," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 2, pages 3-44.

    More about this item


    Economic Nationalism; Liberalisms; Pragmatism; Keynes; nationalisme économique; libéralismes; pragmatisme.;

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