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Quel projet pour l'économie sociale ?

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  • Alain Leroux

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille)

Abstract

Par tradition militante, mêlée à un vieux fond de culture marxiste, les défenseurs et promoteurs de l' "économie sociale" la présentent volontiers comme " une alternative au capitalisme " ! Pour rendre leur perspective crédible et montrer que la relève du "mode de production dominant " est en marche, ils ne craignent pas d'affronter la dure réalité comptable, qui donne au secteur capitaliste un poids sept fois plus élevé que celui reconnu à l' "économie sociale", dans la production des richesses (le PIB). Cette façon de militer en faveur de l' "économie sociale" est ce que nous appelons la stratégie du modèle. Autant le dire tout de suite, cette stratégie nous paraît à la fois erronée dans ses tenants et contre-productive dans ses aboutissants. Erronée, car ce qui est fondamentalement en cause n'est pas tant le capitalisme que le système de valeurs qui l'instrumentalise : l'idéologie néo-libérale. Contre-productive, parce que l' "économie sociale" peut jouer un rôle crucial dans l'émergence de la société de demain, mais à la condition expresse de l'utiliser à bon escient : en démontrant qu'il est possible d' "entreprendre autrement ", l' "économie sociale" nous aide à comprendre qu'il est certainement possible de vivre notre société différemment. C'est ce que nous appelons la stratégie de l'exemple.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Leroux, 2011. "Quel projet pour l'économie sociale ?," Working Papers halshs-00585178, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00585178 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00585178
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    Keywords

    économie sociale; idéologie; capitalisme; néo-libéralisme; Hayek; Polanyi;

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