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Environnement institutionnel, modes organisationnels et performances productives : Une analyse empirique avec les données des grandes fermes moldaves au début de la transition

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  • Daniela Borodak

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

L'analyse empirique des relations entre l'environnement institutionnel et les modes organisationnels et leurs influences sur les performances productives reste relativement rare dans la littérature, faute de données. Cet article essaie de développer une méthodologie empirique permettant d'apporter un éclairage sur la nature de ces relations en exploitant les données sur les grandes exploitations agricoles pendant le processus de privatisation des fermes collectives et d'Etat en Moldavie (1991-1997). La première partie consiste alors en une lecture néo-institutionnelle du processus de transformation des modes d'organisation des grandes fermes héritières des anciennes grandes fermes collectives et d'Etat. Cette lecture nous permet d'apporter un certain éclairage sur la nature des relations entre environnement institutionnel et émergence de nouveaux modes d'organisation. La deuxième partie de l'article développe une méthodologie empirique permettant d'analyser l'interaction entre ces nouveaux modes organisationnels et les performances productives des exploitations. On s'appuie sur l'estimation de l'efficience technique des exploitations agricoles en utilisant le modèle de frontière stochastique proposé par Battese et Coelli (1995). Ce modèle permet de tenir compte de l'influence des modes organisationnels sur le processus de production à travers l'endogénéisation à la fois des intrants de production et des formes d'organisation (grâce à l'estimation d'un modèle logistique multinomial emboîté).

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela Borodak, 2011. "Environnement institutionnel, modes organisationnels et performances productives : Une analyse empirique avec les données des grandes fermes moldaves au début de la transition," Working Papers halshs-00564566, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564566 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00564566
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    Keywords

    reforme agraire; exploitations agricoles collectives; approche néo-institutionnelle; efficience technique; frontière stochastique; logit multinomial emboîté;

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