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LA DISTINCTION « FAIT/VALEUR » EN THEORIE ECONOMIQUE : Trois temps fondamentaux d'une histoire mouvementée

  • Claude Gamel

    ()

    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

Pour Putnam (2004, chapitres 3 et 4), les travaux contemporains de Sen (2000) illustrent sa propre thèse de l'enchevêtrement des faits et des valeurs et inaugurent une « seconde phase de l'économie classique » où la distinction faits/valeurs serait abandonnée. La portée de cette remise en cause doit être resituée dans la longue histoire qui lie la théorie économique à la question très sensible des jugements de valeur. Après un résumé indispensable des épisodes les plus anciens (1), la discussion se poursuit au XX° siècle dans le champ clos de l'économie normative (2), où émergent les contributions de Robbins (1932), Arrow (1951) et Rawls (1971). Dans cette perspective, l'exemple récent de « l'approche par les capacités » de Sen (3) semble montrer qu'un traitement distinct et hiérarchisé des jugements de valeur reste indispensable à la fécondité d'ensemble de la théorie économique.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00503189.

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Date of creation: 16 Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00503189
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  1. Mongin, P., 1999. "Normes et jugements de valeur en economie normative," Papers 99-20, Paris X - Nanterre, U.F.R. de Sc. Ec. Gest. Maths Infor..
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