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Pauvreté et mortalité différentielle chez les personnes âgées

  • Mathieu Lefebvre

    (CREPP - Center of Research in Public Economics and Population Economics - Université de Liège)

  • Pierre Pestieau

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics, CREPP - Center of Research in Public Economics and Population Economics - Université de Liège, CORE - Center of Operation Research and Econometrics [Louvain] - UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR)

  • Grégory Ponthière

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics, ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris)

This paper aims at illustrating, in the case of Belgian regions, a specific problem faced by poverty measures. Since mortality is related to the level of income - poor persons tend to die, on average, at younger ages than nonpoor persons - poverty measures for the elderly depend not only on what one can call the "true poverty", but, also, on the selection induced by differential mortality due to income inequality. By computing the hypothetical poverty rates that would prevail if all persons (of all income levels) had the same life expectancy, we estimate new poverty measures, which, by construction, neutralize the interference or the noise due to income-based differential mortality. Such an adjustment of poverty measures is particularly relevant for the case of Belgium, where mortality gaps between Flemish and Walloon, as well as between rich and poor, are sizeable.

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Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:hal-00612606
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