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Subjective well-being in China: direct and indirect effects of rural-to-urban migrant status

Author

Listed:
  • Céline Bonnefond

    () (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)

  • Fatma Mabrouk

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to provide a recent investigation on the determinants of subjective well-being among Chinese adults, with particular emphasis on internal migrants who hold a rural hukou and have settled in cities. Based on a sample of 7846 adults stemming from the 2011 wave of CHNS survey, we estimate different happiness functions using ordered probit regressions. We first confirm the influence of traditional demographic and socioeconomic characteristics (i.e. age, marital status, gender, illness/injury, income, and education). Second, our results emphasize the importance of taking into account regional differences, but also the positive impact of leisure time and social connections. Finally, our results highlight that being a rural-to-urban migrant is significantly associated with a decrease in the probability of reporting good or very good life satisfaction. We show that this relationship seems to be shaped by direct and indirect effects, and we identify the mediating role of regional patterns and social relations.

Suggested Citation

  • Céline Bonnefond & Fatma Mabrouk, 2019. "Subjective well-being in China: direct and indirect effects of rural-to-urban migrant status," Post-Print halshs-02316225, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-02316225
    DOI: 10.1080/00346764.2019.1602278
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02316225
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