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Academic entrepreneurship and institutional change in historical perspective

Listed author(s):
  • R. Daniel Wadhwani


    (University of the Pacific)

  • Gabriel Galvez-Behar


    (IRHiS - Institut de Recherches Historiques du Septentrion (IRHiS) - UMR 8529 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Université de Lille, Sciences Humaines et Sociales)

  • Joris Mercelis

    (JHU - Johns Hopkins University)

  • Anna Guagnini

    (UNIBO - Università di Bologna [Bologna])

Registered author(s):

    This article provides a historical perspective on academic entrepreneurship and its role in institutional change, and serves as an introduction to a special issue devoted to the subject. Unlike approaches that define academic entrepreneurship narrowly as the commercialization of academic research, we argue that historical research and reasoning justify a broader conceptualization focused on the pursuit of future forms of value in academic knowledge production, application, and transmission. Understood in this way, academic entrepreneurship has long been a significant driver of institutional change, not only within the academic world but also in shaping the organization of markets and states. The article develops this argument in three major sections. First, it draws out themes implicit within the historiography of science and technology that highlight the role of entrepreneurship in reshaping academia and its relationship to society. Second, it establishes conceptual foundations for more explicitly examining the processes by which academic entrepreneurship acted as a driver of institutional change. Finally, it synthesizes the findings of the articles in the special issue pertaining to these entrepreneurial processes. The article concludes by arguing for the role of history in rethinking academic entrepreneurship in our own time, and by outlining directions for further research.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-01579970.

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    Date of creation: 2017
    Publication status: Published in Management and Organizational History, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2017, Academic entrepreneurship and institutional change in historical perspective, 12 (3), pp.175-198. 〈10.1080/17449359.2017.1359903〉
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01579970
    DOI: 10.1080/17449359.2017.1359903
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