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Le critère du bien-être du consommateur comme objectif exclusif de la politique de concurrence: une mise en perspective sur la base de l’histoire de l’Antitrust américain


  • Frédéric Marty

    () (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


According to the European Commission competition law enforcement has to be based on an effects-based approach. This one, already implemented by U.S. Antitrust enforcers, is inspired by the Chicago School. In accordance with this approach consumer welfare must be the exclusive criterion to take into account to assess the lawfulness of a given market practice. We consider the history of the U.S. Antitrust in order to analyse the processes by which this view has become predominant and to put into evidence that alternative criteria, as distributive justice or the control of private economic power, have been or may be selected in competition with the consumer welfare one

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Marty, 2015. "Le critère du bien-être du consommateur comme objectif exclusif de la politique de concurrence: une mise en perspective sur la base de l’histoire de l’Antitrust américain," Post-Print halshs-01147877, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01147877
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