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Where have all the wealthy gone? Spatial decomposition of wealth trends in France, 1820-1940

Author

Listed:
  • Jérôme Bourdieu

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

  • Marta Menéndez

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UP9 - Université Paris 9, Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

  • Gilles Postel-Vinay

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

Abstract

This paper examines the evolution of wealth distribution in France during the urbanization process of the nineteenth century, based on a comprehensive dataset of individual inheritances. It presents a spatial decomposition between rural and urban areas, distinguishing Paris from other cities. We use a non-parametric approach based on wealth density functions. Changes in the level of wealth explained most of the spatial evolution of wealth during 1820-1939; at the turn of the century however, the effect of urbanization on wealth distribution increased gradually.

Suggested Citation

  • Jérôme Bourdieu & Marta Menéndez & Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann & Gilles Postel-Vinay, 2008. "Where have all the wealthy gone? Spatial decomposition of wealth trends in France, 1820-1940," Post-Print halshs-00824330, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00824330
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00824330
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