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Equilibre général stochastique et dynamique non-walrasienne du marché du travail

Author

Listed:
  • Arnaud Chéron

    (GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université, EDHEC - Edhec)

  • François Langot

    (GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Le Mans Université, PJSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics, CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications, IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor - IZA)

Abstract

L'objectif de cette contribution est d'évaluer l'apport d'une modélisation non-walrasienne du marché du travail lorsque l'on analyse la dynamique économique. Dans un premier temps, la capacité de notre modèle à reproduire une volatilité de l'emploi comparable à celle du PIB, une volatilité du salaire réel plus réduite et a-cyclicité du salaire réel est évaluée. Nous montrons que les rigidités réelles introduites par le processus d'appariement combinées à une spécification particulière du salaire négocié permettent de rendre compte de façon tout à fait satisfaisante de ces propriétés observées du marché du travail. Après cette validation empirique, lemodèle est utilisé pour quantifier l'impact d'une politique de lutte contre le chômage. Nous proposons d'examiner la mise en place de subventions à l'embauche pour les entreprises. Pour financer cette mesure, nous montrons qu'une taxe sur le travail s'avèremoins coûteuse socialement qu'un ajustement de la fiscalité sur le capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Arnaud Chéron & François Langot, 2008. "Equilibre général stochastique et dynamique non-walrasienne du marché du travail," Post-Print halshs-00754268, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00754268
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00754268
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