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La santé et la sécurité dans les entreprises américaines

Author

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  • Philippe Askenazy

    (CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications, PJSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

After a decade of steady increase in the number of work accidents, the issue of health and safety at work has received renewed attention in US corporations during the first half of the 1990s. This article describes the role played by the major actors who contributed to this new visibility, in particular that of the health and safety inspection, which operates in a public health perspective, and that of occupational hazards insurers, who operate under market mechanisms. At the same time, the rates of accidents and occupational pathologies have strongly decreased, especially those of musculoskeletal diseases. This trend is the expression of diminished risks on the workplace, but also of new practices of management and declaration of work accidents. Yet, besides these indicators that are among the most visible, there is no robust evidence of a global improvement of working conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Askenazy, 2006. "La santé et la sécurité dans les entreprises américaines," Post-Print halshs-00754148, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00754148
    DOI: 10.3917/arss.163.0072
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-pjse.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00754148
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