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La formulation du modèle keynésien et le choix de l'unité de mesure

  • Alain Béraud

    ()

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS : UMR8184 - Université de Cergy Pontoise)

Cette contribution analyse la façon dont Keynes et les keynésiens posèrent la question du choix de l'unité de mesure des agrégats macroéconomiques. Soulignant les rapports étroits qui existent entre les cours que Keynes professa entre 1933 et 1935 et les diverses versions du modèle IS-LM, elle montre que les problèmes naissent de la façon dont Keynes avait abordé ce problème. Raisonner sur la valeur monétaire des agrégats conduit à dichotomiser le modèle et ne permet pas d'analyser correctement l'interdépendance entre le marché du travail d'une part et les marchés des biens et de la monnaie d'autre part. Le modèle ainsi formulé ne permet pas de traiter de façon rigoureuse les effets d'une variation du salaire monétaire. Il laisse à penser, à tort, qu'il existe nécessairement un équilibre de plein emploi.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00722854.

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Date of creation: 07 Jun 2012
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Publication status: Published - Presented, XIV Colloque Charles Gide Histoire de la macroéconomie : des années de haute théorie (1926-1939) à nos jours, 2012, Nice, France
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00722854
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00722854
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