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Fallait-il appliquer la taxe carbone aux carburants routiers ?

  • Richard Darbéra

    ()

    (LATTS - Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés - CNRS : UMR8134 - Université Paris-Est - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech)

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    La forte fiscalité qui frappe les carburant routiers en France et dans plusieurs pays d'Europe justifierait que ceux-ci soient exemptés de la taxe carbone. En effet, contrairement aux autres taxes internalisantes, la taxe carbone appliquée aux carburants consommés par les ménages a un coût économique supérieur au bénéfice attendu en matière de réduction des émissions. Elle a aussi pour effet d'accentuer le caractère régressif de la taxe intérieure sur les produits pétroliers (TIPP) en frappant plus lourdement les ménages les plus pauvres. Faut-il appliquer la taxe carbone aux carburants routiers ? À notre avis, oui, mais de façon symbolique, c'est à dire en réduisant d'autant la TIPP sur les carburants. C'est la politique qui a été mise en œuvre en Suède, où le poids de la taxe carbone dans le prix d'un litre de carburant a été fixé à une trentaine de centimes sans en affecter le prix parce que les taxes spécifiques qui frappaient les carburants ont été réduites en conséquence lors de l'instauration de la taxe carbone.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/55/70/65/PDF/RD10-TaxeCarbone.pdf
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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00557065.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Publication status: Published, Flux, 2010, 79/80, 84-91
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00557065
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00557065/en/
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