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La propriété immobilière est-elle un obstacle pour sortir du chômage ?

Author

Listed:
  • Carole Brunet

    () (LED - Laboratoire d'Economie Dionysien - UP8 - Université Paris 8, Vincennes-Saint-Denis)

  • Nathalie Havet

    () (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Jean-Yves Lesueur

    () (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Cet article propose de tester, sur données individuelles, l'hypothèse d'Oswald, selon laquelle le développement de la propriété immobilière observé dans la plupart des pays de l'OCDE s'accompagnerait d'une augmentation de la durée des épisodes de chômage. La démarche retenue apporte une contribution à la littérature dans ce domaine via une étude économétrique comparée entre la France et les Etats-Unis qui permet d'opposer des fonctionnements et des interactions entre marchés du travail et du logement particulièrement différenciés. A partir de deux échantillons de chômeurs issus respectivement du Panel Européen des Ménages et du Panel Survey of Income Dynamics et couvrant la période 1994-2001, des modèles de hasards proportionnels mélangés tenant compte de la simultanéité des comportements sur le marché du travail et celui du logement sont estimés. Les principaux résultats indiquent que la propriété immobilière n'a pas d'impact statistiquement significatif sur les durées de chômage aux Etats-Unis, tandis que les propriétaires français au chômage retrouvent un emploi plus rapidement que leurs homologues locataires, résultats qui conduisent à moduler les conclusions issues de travaux antérieurs appliqués à ces deux pays.

Suggested Citation

  • Carole Brunet & Nathalie Havet & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2010. "La propriété immobilière est-elle un obstacle pour sortir du chômage ?," Post-Print halshs-00477236, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00477236 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00477236
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Statut résidentiel; durée de chômage; hypothèse d'Oswald;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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