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Au Tchad, le processus de réforme de la filière cotonnièrese trouve dans une impasse

Listed author(s):
  • Koye Djondang



  • Michel Fok


    (SCA - Systèmes de cultures annuelles - CIRAD - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement)

  • Betty Wamfler

    (IRC SupAgro - Institut des régions chaudes [Montpellier] - Montpellier SupAgro - Centre international d'études supérieures en sciences agronomiques - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier)

  • N. Tordina


Registered author(s):

    Even though the primary sector in Chad is dominated by the crude oil exploitation (64.6% of the sector added value) agriculture with cotton remains important. In cotton growing areas, 80% of the farmers in sudanean zone grow cotton (338 500 farm holdings out of 423 000). About 2 millions peoples depend on cotton income. For several years, the cotton sector viability is at stake but the liberalisation policy, as it is advocated by the World Bank is not yet materializing because of two major facts: Chad is a land-locked country and its cotton company is financially very weak. The modalities of the privatization of the cotton company are not determined: several scenarios are proposed but none is attractive enough to gain consensus. Cotton producers clearly show reluctance to embark into the liberalization process. This is the outcome of a study implemented mainly, but not exclusively, in two villages (Ngoko et Nguétté). The current productivity is restrained by the lack of equipment and use of chemicals. Farmers express the need to be supported to move forward more intensified production, but the required subsidies appear to be little compatible with the liberalisation orientation. The technical backstopping to cotton growers, as well as research implementation have somehow vanished but these issues are not really addressed by the proposed policy. So, the outcome of the reform process will be at beat uncertain.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00324396.

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    Date of creation: 14 May 2008
    Publication status: Published in ISSCRI International Conference "Rationales and evolutions of cotton policies", May 2008, Montpellier, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00324396
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