IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hal/journl/hal-01833059.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Analysis and Comparison of Leveraged ETFs and CPPI-type Leveraged Strategies

Author

Listed:
  • Philippe Bertrand

    () (CERGAM - Centre d'√Čtudes et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille - AMU - Aix Marseille Universit√© - UTLN - Universit√© de Toulon)

  • Jean-Luc Prigent

    ()

Abstract

Among leveraged funds, leveraged ETFs are designed to achieve multiple exposure (e.g., twice) to some financial index returns, on a daily basis. In this paper, we provide and analyze various properties of the value process of a leveraged ETF. We examine its main statistical properties and point out that there is some probability that the stock index price increases while, at the same time, the leveraged fund decreases. This is an event that is difficult to accept for an investor in such a fund. In the continuous-time framework, we prove an equivalence result stating that a leveraged ETF can also be viewed as a CPPI fund with a floor proportional to the portfolio value itself. Next, from a more practical point of view, we compare Leveraged ETFs and Leveraged CPPI having a specific variable leverage. This type of Leveraged CPPI portfolio is not fully equivalent to a Leveraged ETF because the leverage is reduced in falling markets as well as bounded from above. We derive a quasi explicit expression for the value of such Leveraged CPPI. Then, using Monte Carlo simulations, we compare the Leveraged ETFs and Leveraged CPPI return distributions by means of their moments as well as by relying on Omega and Kappa performance measures.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Bertrand & Jean-Luc Prigent, 2013. "Analysis and Comparison of Leveraged ETFs and CPPI-type Leveraged Strategies," Post-Print hal-01833059, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01833059
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01833059
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01833059. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD). General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.