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Disequilibrium as the origin, originality, and challenges of Clower's microfoundations of monetary theory

Author

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  • Romain Plassard

    () (LEM - Lille économie management - LEM - UMR 9221 - Université de Lille - UCL - Université catholique de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Robert W. Clower's article “A Reconsideration of the Microfoundations of Monetary Theory” (1967) deeply influenced the course of modern monetary economics. On the one hand, it questioned Don Patinkin's (1956) project to integrate monetary and Walrasian value theory. On the other hand, it was the fountainhead of the cash-in-advance models à la Robert J. Lucas (1980), one of the most widely used approaches to monetary theory since the 1980s. Despite this influence, Clower's project to integrate monetary and value theory remains an enigma. My paper intends to resolve it. This is a difficult task since Clower never completed the monetary theory outlined in his 1967 article. To overcome this difficulty, I characterise the intellectual context from which Clower's contribution emerged and have recourse to a reconstruction of his project. This reconstruction is based on the analysis of published and unpublished materials, written by Clower before and after the 1967 article. It is argued that Clower sought to elaborate a disequilibrium monetary theory whilst retaining the two pillars of Patinkin's integration, i.e., the introduction of money into utility functions and the real-balance effect. I trace the origins, account for the originality, and discuss the challenges of this project.
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Suggested Citation

  • Romain Plassard, 2017. "Disequilibrium as the origin, originality, and challenges of Clower's microfoundations of monetary theory," Post-Print hal-01745429, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01745429
    DOI: 10.1080/09672567.2017.1385985
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01745429
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Benassy, Jean-Pascal, 1986. "Macroeconomics: An Introduction to the Non-Walrasian Approach," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 1, number 9780120864256 edited by Shell, Karl.
    2. Milton Friedman & Anna J. Schwartz, 1963. "A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie63-1, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Romain Plassard, "undated". "The origins, development, and fate of Clower’s ‘stock-flow’ general-equilibrium program," Center for the History of Political Economy Working Paper Series 2016-16, Center for the History of Political Economy.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B21 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Microeconomics
    • D46 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Value Theory
    • D5 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium

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