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Les modèles multi-agents et leurs conséquences pour l’analyse macroéconomique


  • Mauro Napoletano

    () (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po - Sciences Po)


Cet article analyse les progrès récents de la modélisation multi-agents appliquée à l'analyse macroéconomique. Je présente d'abord les principaux ingrédients des modèles multi-agents. Ensuite, en s'appuyant sur des exemples tirés de travaux récents, je montre que les modèles multi-agents apportent des éclairages complémentaires ou nouveaux sur des questions macroéconomiques clés telles que les cycles économiques endogènes, les interactions entre cycles et croissance à long terme, le rôle des ajustements de prix versus quantités dans le retour au plein emploi. Enfin, je discute certaines limites des modèles multi-agents et comment ils sont actuellement abordés dans la littérature.

Suggested Citation

  • Mauro Napoletano, 2017. "Les modèles multi-agents et leurs conséquences pour l’analyse macroéconomique," Post-Print hal-01701454, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01701454
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Mauro Napoletano, 2018. "Market disequilibrium, monetary policy, and financial markets: insights from new tools," LEM Papers Series 2018/17, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.

    More about this item


    Modèles multi-agents; Analyse macroéconomique; Cycles économiques endogènes; Politique monétaire et budgétaire;

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