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Contribution des proximités à la construction d’une dynamique collective dans une pépinière créative

Author

Listed:
  • Gaelle Dechamp

    () (COACTIS - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne])

  • Isabelle Horvath

    () (CReGO - Centre de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - UFC - Université de Franche-Comté - UB - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

La revalorisation du patrimoine industriel et l’engouement récent des acteurs politiques et socio-économiques pour l’entrepreneuriat culturel et créatif permet l’ouverture de nouveaux espaces physiques de travail, tels que le co-working, les Tiers-Lieux ou les FabLabs. Une forme particulière retient notre attention: la pépinière thématique, et en particulier créative. Créée à l’initiative des pouvoirs publics, elle a pour objectif de soutenir l’entrepreneuriat créatif dans un contexte de redynamisation territoriale. Il nous semble nécessaire de questionner le dispositif pour mieux comprendre les apports d’une pépinière à l’entrepreneuriat créatif: quels sont les processus construits et mis en œuvre pour développer l’activité entrepreneuriale créative? Pour répondre à cette question centréesur la problématique de l’environnement propice à la dynamisation de l’entrepreneuriat créatif, nous mobilisons deux cadres théoriques: l’accompagnement de l’entrepreneuriat créatif (Théodoraki et Messeghem, 2014 ; Ribeiro, 2014; Barbero et al., 2014; Carrier et Gélinas, 2011) dans ses dimensions individuelle et collective, puis la théorie des proximités (Rallet, Torre, 2004; Bouba-Olga, Grossetti, 2008; Torre 2014) pour analyser la nature des interactions au sein de la pépinière. Notre recherche, de nature exploratoire, s’appuie sur 21 entretiens non directifs d’entrepreneurs, ainsi que sur l’observation directe de la vie de la pépinière créative à laquelle ils appartiennent. Nos résultats reposent sur deux points principaux: les apports de l’écosystème «pépinière» et les processus du développement de l’entrepreneuriat créatif.Ces résultats sont discutés à partir d’un retour théorique sur trois concepts: les gate keepers (Haas, 2015; Emin et Sagot-Duvauroux, 2016), les intermédiaires d’innovation ouverte (Fabbri, Charue-Duboc 2016) et l’émergence d’un nouveau modèle d’action collective (Brechet, Schieb-Bienfait, Desreumaux 2009; Hatchuel, 2015).

Suggested Citation

  • Gaelle Dechamp & Isabelle Horvath, 2017. "Contribution des proximités à la construction d’une dynamique collective dans une pépinière créative," Post-Print hal-01578045, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01578045 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01578045
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