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Les démocraties sont-elles plus ouvertes à l’échange ?


  • Clotilde Granger
  • Jean-Marc Siroën

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)


Whereas the influence of democracy on economic growth has still to be proved, trade openness' is now recognised. Therefore, it may be wondered if there exists a relation between democracy and openness. Neither theoretical arguments nor individual national experiences permit to conclude. To answer this question, an econometrical study on the influence of democratisation on trade openness is proposed. We find a convex relation between these two variables. Thanks to this result, the arguments given by the political economy can be discussed, the gradualism theory is strengthened and the interaction between democracy, growth and openness is getting clearer.

Suggested Citation

  • Clotilde Granger & Jean-Marc Siroën, 2003. "Les démocraties sont-elles plus ouvertes à l’échange ?," Post-Print hal-01474387, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01474387
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    More about this item


    ouverture commerciale; économie politique internationale; démocratie; commerce international;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies


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