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La dissertation d'économie générale

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  • Nathalie Etchart-Vincent

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  • Caroline Horny

Abstract

L'objectif de cet ouvrage est de vous préparer à l'exercice de la dissertation d'économie générale, que cette dissertation fasse l'objet d'une production écrite ou orale. Selon nous, l’objet d’un ouvrage de méthode de la dissertation est d’aider le lecteur à développer une certaine attitude et des réflexes intellectuels lui permettant ensuite d’être autonome et capable de faire face à n’importe quel sujet. Il ne s’agit donc pas de lui proposer des recettes dont l’application mécanique l’aidera peut-être dans les situations classiques mais le laissera démuni face à des sujets plus atypiques.L’idée d’une recette miracle est illusoire. Apprendre à faire une dissertation requiert dans certains cas un changement d’attitude intellectuelle (par rapport aux connaissances notamment), lui-même tributaire d’une sorte de déclic cognitif : il faut « piger le truc ». Il y a bien évidemment quelques grandes règles à connaître et à appliquer, mais il ne suffit pas de suivre ces consignes, même scrupuleusement, pour produire une bonne dissertation. Encore faut-il les comprendre en profondeur, savoir pourquoi on les applique et l’objectif qu’elles permettent d’atteindre. L’effort à fournir est donc moins un effort de mémoire et d’application mécanique qu’un effort d’intelligence et d’adaptation. C’est à force de pratiquer que l’on s’approprie la méthode, mais cela suppose d’être intellectuellement actif et de ne pas simplement chercher à reproduire passivement des techniques.Le délai de survenue du déclic cognitif n’est pas nécessairement long, mais il est spécifique à chacun. En tout état de cause, il ne faut jamais se décourager : le travail peut mettre du temps à payer, mais il finira par le faire.Pour vous aider à maîtriser l’exercice de la dissertation, nous avons essayé autant que possible de vous faire vivre cet exercice de l’intérieur. Nous avons donc bâti l'ouvrage autour :- d'une première partie théorique très détaillée et illustrée de nombreux exemples ;- d'une seconde partie pratique qui propose un certain nombre de corrigés de dissertation plus ou moins élaborés.Nous avons fait le choix délibéré (et inhabituel dans ce type d’ouvrage) de développer longuement la partie théorique – en la rendant la moins théorique possible, justement – et de consacrer moins d’espace aux corrigés eux-mêmes. Au cours de notre pratique d’enseignantes, nous avons en effet pu constater le caractère pervers des corrigés, du fait de la tentation qu’ont souvent les étudiants de les utiliser comme des solutions toutes prêtes pouvant être recasées telles quelles ou presque. Or un corrigé n’a pas grand intérêt en tant que produit fini, car il ne vaut que pour le sujet posé, lequel a fort peu de chances de retomber à votre concours. Les corrigés valent surtout en tant que résultat d’un processus intellectuel et opérationalisation du travail préparatoire. Nous nous sommes donc appuyées sur ce constat pour construire cet ouvrage.

Suggested Citation

  • Nathalie Etchart-Vincent & Caroline Horny, 2006. "La dissertation d'économie générale," Post-Print hal-01074457, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01074457 Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01074457
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    Keywords

    dissertation; méthodologie; économie; examen; concours;

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