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Une analyse comparative des évaluations de politique de clusters en Europe : vers deux modèles idéal-typiques

Author

Listed:
  • Emilie-Pauline Gallié

    (IMRI, Université Paris Dauphine - Institut pour le management de la recherche et de l'innovation - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Anna Glaser

    () (CERNA i3 - Centre d'économie industrielle i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - PSL Research University - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Frédérique Pallez

    () (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - PSL Research University - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

In this article, part of our research programme on cluster evaluations (cf. Gallié, Glaser, Lefebvre, & Pallez, 2012, which is an in-depth analyzes of the evaluation of the French policy of competitiveness clusters), we compare four European cluster evaluations: Wallonia, Germany, Lower Austria and France. We first develop a framework with which we then analyze these evaluations. This framework particularly helps us to underline the differences of these evaluations on three dimensions: the objects of the evaluations and the accountability of results, the approach and methodology of the evaluations, and finally the effects and uses of the evaluations. In conclusion, based on these empirical cases, we propose to distinguish two ideal-typical evaluation models that combine these different characteristics in a consistent manner and that point to two contrasted evaluation uses: an "economist" model and a "management model".

Suggested Citation

  • Emilie-Pauline Gallié & Anna Glaser & Frédérique Pallez, 2014. "Une analyse comparative des évaluations de politique de clusters en Europe : vers deux modèles idéal-typiques," Post-Print hal-01062749, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01062749
    DOI: 10.3166/pmp.31.87-111
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01062749
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