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Dynamique d'acteurs ( agriculteurs et institutions) et innovation agro-écologique pour la gestion des risques environnementaux en Guadeloupe

  • M. Houdart


    (METAFORT - Mutations des activités, des espaces et des formes d'organisation dans les territoires ruraux - CEMAGREF-UR MECF - INRA : UMR1273 - AgroParisTech - ENITA Clermont)

  • M. Bonin

    (UMR TETIS - Territoires, Environnement, Télédétection et Information Spatiale - CIRAD : UMR91 - CEMAGREF-UR LCMO - AgroParisTech)

  • L. Temple

    (MOISA - Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs - CIRAD : UMR99 - IRD - IAMM - INRA : UR1110 - Montpellier SupAgro)

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    Dans le contexte de crise économique et environnementale qui touche la filière banane à la Guadeloupe, l'objectif de cette contribution est d'engager une réflexion sur l'organisation d'acteurs à l'origine des innovations agro-écologiques. Nous interrogeons les dynamiques d'acteurs face aux crises et perturbations qui touchent l'agriculture antillaise, par le biais de l'organisation qu'ils mettent en place pour accompagner le changement. Des entretiens menés d'une part auprès d'un groupe de planteurs de bananes, d'autre part auprès des institutions en charge de la question environnementale sur l'île, ont permis de faire émerger trois principales conclusions sur la nature des innovations mises en oeuvre face aux crises environnementale et économique, leur échelle d'application et les forces motrices qui les sous-tendent : du point de vue technique, la mise en oeuvre de nouvelles pratiques indépendamment des échanges entre agriculteurs ; du point de vue stratégique, des changements d'orientation productive en liaison avec une forte dynamique d'échanges ; au niveau des institutions, de nouveaux lieux de dialogue. D'une manière générale, il apparaît qu'il y a un décalage dans la dynamique de concertation selon les niveaux d'organisation (agriculteurs vs institutions) et le lien entre ces deux niveaux d'organisation semble peu existant. / The aim of our research is to urge a reflexion on the agro-ecological innovations to manage the environmental risks. We analyse the organization that the stakeholders (farmers and institutions) set up facing the crises and disturbances which touch the agriculture of French West Indies. To do this, we enquired a group of farmers of banana production in Guadeloupe, and also the agricultural and environmental institutions of this island. This made it possible to identify three principal conclusions on the nature of the innovations, their scale of application and the driving forces which underlie them: from a technical point of view, new practices are implemented independently of the exchanges between farmers; from a strategic point of view, changes of production are made, depending on exchanges dynamic; on the level of the institutions, new places of dialogue are created. In conclusion, there is a shift in the dynamics of dialogue according to the levels of organization (farmers versus institutions) and the bond between these two levels of organization seems to be very thin.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00455357.

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    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published, Vertigo, 2009, 9, 1, 7 p.
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00455357
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