The impact of boundary organizations on decision-making under uncertainty: a multi-agent simulation
Modern environmental issues imply that decision-makers take into account possibly conflicting information from distinct domains, such as science and economics. Boundary organizations, institutions that cross the gap between two different domains, are able to act beyond the boundaries while remaining accountable to each side. The goal is to simulate boundary organizations to assess their impact on the diffusion of experts' opinions. The hypothesis tested is whether the existence of a boundary organization eases the decision-making process by reducing the number of opinions expressed. The methodology relies on a multi-agent system based on a model of continuous opinion dynamics extended over two dimensions. Agents are described by credibility and conviction: the credibility represents how much other agents may be influenced by an agent, and the conviction represents the resistance of an agent to changing its position. Two kinds of agents are left free to interact, modifying their position through one-to-one exchanges. Agents called borgs are introduced: open to trans-disciplinary discussion, they are able to exchange on both dimensions. The results show that the range of expressed opinions is significantly reduced, even at low levels of experts involved in the boundary organization.
|Date of creation:||2009|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published - Presented, AVA Congress 2009 Aspects and visions of applied economics and informatics, 2009, Debrecen, Hungary|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00399565/en/|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
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