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Co-viability modelling and the ecosystem approach to fisheries management

Author

Listed:
  • Luc Doyen

    (CERSP - Conservation des espèces, Restauration et Suivi des Populations - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPMC - Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris 6 - MNHN - Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle)

  • Christophe Béné

    (WorldFish Center, Regional Offices - Africa and West-Asia Programme)

  • Olivier Thébaud

    (AMURE - Aménagement des Usages des Ressources et des Espaces marins et littoraux - Centre de droit et d'économie de la mer - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UBO - Université de Brest - IUEM - Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers - UBO - Université de Brest - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, DEM - Département d'Economie Maritime - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer)

  • Fabian Blanchard

    (EME - UMR 212 EME "écosystèmes marins exploités" - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer - UM - Université de Montpellier)

  • Vincent Martinet

    (ECO-PUB - Economie Publique - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AgroParisTech, EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The ecosystem approach for fisheries advocates an integrated management of marine resources that promotes both conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way. Co-viability is proposed here as a relevant modelling framework to deal with the analysis and exploration of scenarios in line with such an ecosystem approach. Co-viability analysis does not strive to determine optimal or steady-state paths for the joint dynamics of resources and exploitation, but rather aims at maintaining the trajectories of systems within satisfying normative bounds that mix ecological and social requirements. Hence the approach offers a multicriteria perspective and provides ways to analyse the vulnerability of social-ecological system dynamics. Conceptual links to Population Viability Analysis and conservation biology are strong. Moreover it is closely related to the Maximin or Rawlsian approach, which provides important insights regarding intergenerational equity. Examples inspired from the Bay of Biscay fisheries illustrate the proposed approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Luc Doyen & Christophe Béné & Olivier Thébaud & Fabian Blanchard & Vincent Martinet, 2008. "Co-viability modelling and the ecosystem approach to fisheries management," Post-Print hal-00368412, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00368412
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00368412
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