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The American and the French Third Sectors: a Comparison, Recent trends during the “Millennium Boom”, and the Impact of the Crisis

  • Edith Archambault


    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS)

After having stated some definitions and specified the legal and tax status of nonprofit organizations in France and the USA, this paper begins by comparing the scope of the American and the French third sectors, their structure and resources, using data from the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project. It explains the differences between the two sectors, which are considered to follow the Liberal Anglo-Saxon and European Welfare Partnership ideal-types found in “social origins” theory. Secondly, the paper highlights the evolution of the two sectors from 1995 to 2007. It stresses the reinforcement of the specific features of third sectors, and their path dependency, even if some trends are the same in both countries. Finally, the paper tries to identify the impact of the financial crisis, the economic recession and new social issues facing both third sectors.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00494162.

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Date of creation: 07 Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in 9th ISTR Conference: "Facing Crises: Challenges and Opportunities Confronting the Third Sector and Civil Society", Jul 2010, Istambul, Turkey
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00494162
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