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Stabilizing Fiscal Policies with Capital Market Imperfections

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  • Nicolas Dromel

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

Abstract

We analyze how investment subsidies can affect aggregate volatility and growth in economies subject to capital market imperfections. Within a model featuring both frictions on the credit market and unequal access to investment opportunities among individuals, we provide specific fiscal parameters able to reduce the probability of recessions, fuel the economy long-run growth rate and place it on a permanent-boom dynamic path. We analyze how conditions on the stabilizing fiscal parameters are modified when frictions in the economy evolve. Eventually, we show how this tax and transfer system can moderate persistence in the economy's response to temporary and permanent productivity shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Dromel, 2009. "Stabilizing Fiscal Policies with Capital Market Imperfections," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00389690, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00389690
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00389690
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    Keywords

    macroeconomic stabilization; Endogenous business cycles; capital market imperfections; access to productive investment; fiscal policy; macroeconomic stabilization.; Cycles d'affaires endogènes; imperfections sur le marché du capital; accès à l'investissement productif; politique fiscale; stabilisation macroéconomique.;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General

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