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The Circular Relationship between Income Inequality and Finance: an Overview of the Recent Literature and Results
[La relation circulaire entre inégalités de revenu et finance : tour d’horizon de la littérature et résultats récents]

Author

Listed:
  • Rémi Bazillier

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Jérôme Héricourt

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, LEM - Lille économie management - LEM - UMR 9221 - UCL - Université catholique de Lille - Université de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Samuel Ligonnière

    (LEM - Lille économie management - LEM - UMR 9221 - UCL - Université catholique de Lille - Université de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This article provides a synthetic survey of the recent literature addressing the links between income inequality and finance, in order to disentangle the various factors underlying the two-way relationship between these two variables. On the one hand, the literature does not provide decisive conclusions concerning the sign of the distributional impact of financial development, financial deregulation and financial crises, the institutional context appearing crucial. On the other hand, there has been recently strong and increasing evidence of a causal positive link running from inequality to (household) credit. Several theoretical mechanisms related to credit supply or demand may provide rationalizations for these results. In this regard, the causal impact seems stronger when middle-classes are concerned. Policy implications are substantial, and several avenues for future research are to be considered.

Suggested Citation

  • Rémi Bazillier & Jérôme Héricourt & Samuel Ligonnière, 2017. "The Circular Relationship between Income Inequality and Finance: an Overview of the Recent Literature and Results
    [La relation circulaire entre inégalités de revenu et finance : tour d’horizon de l
    ," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01744554, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01744554
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01744554
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