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Des déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises (1994-2003)

Author

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  • Marie-Estelle Binet

    () (Pacte, Laboratoire de sciences sociales - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UJF - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1 - IEPG - Sciences Po Grenoble - Institut d'études politiques de Grenoble - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)

  • François Facchini

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Martin Koning

    (IFSTTAR/AME/SPLOTT - Systèmes Productifs, Logistique, Organisation des Transports et Travail - IFSTTAR - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux - Communauté Université Paris-Est)

Abstract

This research aims at appraising the determinants of entrepreneurship dynamics in the French administrative regions over the period 1993-2004. First, we highlight how the regional territory may be considered in a dualistic manner in order to explain the differentials between the regional activities of entrepreneurs. One may consider a regional territory either as an incentive system or as a cognitive system. By modifying individual trade-offs and/or easing the diffusion of information, the regional atmosphere indeed influences personal choices related to new firm creation. This theoretical approach then leads us to specify a dynamic model of entrepreneurial activity at the regional level. Based on Blundell and Bond’s (1998) methodology and on French regional data, we confirm Holcombe’s assumption (1998) that the creation of firms can be mainly explained by itself and can be viewed as an auto-regressive process. We also deduct from our econometric estimations that the unemployment rate and the available income positively impact entrepreneurship activity. Inversely, the size of existing firms may play the role of a barrier to entry into the regional market. Finally, institutional and cultural factors cannot be neglected as potential determinants of the creation of firms at the regional level, as illustrated by the significance of individual fixed effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini & Martin Koning, 2010. "Des déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises (1994-2003)," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01286748, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01286748
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01286748
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nadine Levratto & Denis Carré, 2014. "Regional dynamics and start-ups: Evidence from French departments in 2011," EconomiX Working Papers 2014-45, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    2. Jean Bonnet, 2016. "From Knowledge to Innovation Economy: Developing Education and Creating Entrepreneurial Ecosystems," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 2016-02, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    3. Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2013. "Determinants of Entrepreneurship in French Regions: The Role of Spatial Heterogeneity," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201312, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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