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A Dynamic Analysis Of Segmented Labor Market

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  • Patrice Gaubert

    () (MATISSE - Modélisation Appliquée, Trajectoires Institutionnelles et Stratégies Socio-Économiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Marie Cottrell

    () (MATISSE - Modélisation Appliquée, Trajectoires Institutionnelles et Stratégies Socio-Économiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, SAMOS - Statistique Appliquée et MOdélisation Stochastique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics data on the period 1982-1992, this paper investigates some mechanisms of the labor market in the United States. This market is analyzed as a stable structure constituted of segments which present contrasted characteristics under the usual distinction between primary and secondary sectors. Using a neural network algorithm applied on quantitative variables measured at the level of heads of household, a broad classification in four classes of situations is constructed. It shows a clear hierarchy going from situations of very precarious work or no work at all, to situations of stable jobs with higher wages than the average. A Markov chain, constructed with the trajectories between the different situations of these workers, shows a very stable structure of this segmented labor market. Keywords: segmented labor market, unemployment, trajectories, Kohonen algorithm, Markov chain.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrice Gaubert & Marie Cottrell, 1999. "A Dynamic Analysis Of Segmented Labor Market," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00134147, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00134147
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00134147
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marie Cottrell & Patrice Gaubert & Joseph Rynkiewicz & Patrick Letrémy, 2007. "Equilibre dynamique, étude de trajectoires dans un système économique. Le cas du marché du travail," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00139904, HAL.
    2. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2010. "Dynamic analysis of the business failure process: A study of bankruptcy trajectories," MPRA Paper 44379, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Patrick Letrémy & Marie Cottrell & Patrice Gaubert & Joseph Rynkiewicz, 2007. "Dynamical Equilibrium, trajectories study in an economical system. The case of the labor market," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00141463, HAL.
    4. Etienne Côme & Marie Cottrell & Patrice Gaubert, 2010. "Trajectoires d'emploi identifiées à l'aide de cartes auto-organisées classifiantes. Etude réalisée avec le Panel Study of Income Dynamics, 1993-2003," Post-Print hal-00450708, HAL.

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