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Testing Weak Form Efficiency on the Toronto Stock Exchange


  • Vitali Alexeev

    () (Department of Economics, University of Guelph, Canada.)

  • Francis Tapon

    () (Department of Economics, University of Guelph, Canada.)


We believe that in order to test for weak form efficiency in the market a vast pool of individual stocks must be analyzed rather than a stock market index. In this paper, we use a model-based bootstrap to generate a series of simulated trials and apply a modified chart pattern recognition algorithm to all stocks listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX). We compare the number of patterns detected in the original price series with the number of patterns found in the simulated series. By simulating the price path we eliminate specific time dependencies present in real data, making price changes purely random. Patterns, if consistently identified, carry information which adds value to the investment process, however, this informativeness does not guarantee profitability. We draw conclusions on the relative efficiency of some sectors of the economy. Although, we fail to reject the null hypothesis of weak form efficiency on the TSX, some sectors of the Canadian economy appear to be less efficient than others. In addition, we find negative dependency of pattern frequencies on the two moments of return distributions, variance and kurtosis.

Suggested Citation

  • Vitali Alexeev & Francis Tapon, 2010. "Testing Weak Form Efficiency on the Toronto Stock Exchange," Working Papers 1002, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:gue:guelph:2010-02.

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Benjamín Duarte Duarte & Katherine Julieth Sierra Suárez & Víctor Alfonso Rueda Ortiz, 2015. "Análisis comparativo de eficiencia entre Brasil, México y Estados Unidos," REVISTA FINANZAS Y POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA, vol. 7(2), pages 341-357, July.
    2. Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain & Nor, Safwan Mohd & Mensi, Walid & Kumar, Ronald Ravinesh, 2017. "Examining the efficiency and interdependence of US credit and stock markets through MF-DFA and MF-DXA approaches," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 471(C), pages 351-363.
    3. KiHoon Jimmy Hong & Eliza Wu, 2014. "Can Momentum Factors Be Used to Enhance Accounting Information based Fundamental Analysis in Explaining Stock Price Movements?," Research Paper Series 346, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    4. Dutta, Shantanu & Essaddam, Naceur & Kumar, Vinod & Saadi, Samir, 2017. "How does electronic trading affect efficiency of stock market and conditional volatility? Evidence from Toronto Stock Exchange," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PB), pages 867-877.
    5. Kristoufek, Ladislav & Vosvrda, Miloslav, 2013. "Measuring capital market efficiency: Global and local correlations structure," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(1), pages 184-193.
    6. Juan Benjamín Duarte Duarte & Juan Manuel Mascare?nas Pérez-Iñigo, 2014. "Comprobación de la eficiencia débil en los principales mercados financieros latinoamericanos," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI, November.
    7. repec:eee:reveco:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:168-184 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Gozbasi, Onur & Kucukkaplan, Ilhan & Nazlioglu, Saban, 2014. "Re-examining the Turkish stock market efficiency: Evidence from nonlinear unit root tests," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 381-384.
    9. Graham, Michael & Peltomäki, Jarkko & Sturludóttir, Hildur, 2015. "Do capital controls affect stock market efficiency? Lessons from Iceland," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 82-88.

    More about this item


    Market efficiency; weak form market efficiency; Canada; Toronto Stock Exchange;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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