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Equilibria in Non-Cooperative Game I: Perturbations Based Refinements of Nash Equilibrium


  • Sadanand, A.
  • Sadanand, V.


The concept of Nash equilibrium is widely used to analyze non-cooperative games. However, one of the problems with that concept is that many games have multiple equilibria. Recent work has concentrated on reducing or refining the set of Nash equilibria in some games. In this paper, we survey some equilibrium concepts based on perturbations of strategies that refine the set of Nash equilibria. We discuss the pros and cons of each concept and its relationship to the others by the use of numerous examples and intuition. It is hoped that this survey will enable the economist to consider the relevance of a particular equilibrium concept to a given economic model of interest. Copyright 1994 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd and the Board of Trustees of the Bulletin of Economic Research
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  • Sadanand, A. & Sadanand, V., 1992. "Equilibria in Non-Cooperative Game I: Perturbations Based Refinements of Nash Equilibrium," Working Papers 1992-09, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:gue:guelph:1992-09

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    economic equilibrium ; game theory;


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