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Vers une macroéconomie non-walrasienne

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

    (OFCE Sciences-Po
    Université Côte d'Azur
    GREDEG CNRS
    Institut Universitaire de France)

Abstract

L'article vise à opposer l'analyse macroéconomique moderne à une macroéconomie non walrasienne ou évolutionnaire. Ce débat, qui remonte inévitablement à chaque grande crise économique, concerne la nature des problèmes de coordination et les moyens de les résoudre. Alors que les modèles de la macroéconomie moderne décrivent les comportements d’optimisation inter-temporelle de consommateurs parfaitement adaptés à leur environnement et des marchés soldés, la macroéconomie évolutionnaire met l’accent sur les déséquilibres du marché qui nécessitent des comportements adaptatifs. Ce contraste affecte la politique monétaire et budgétaire ainsi que la nature des réformes structurelles à mener. Il concerne également le type de modélisation à développer.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2017. "Vers une macroéconomie non-walrasienne," GREDEG Working Papers 2017-38, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2017-38
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    File URL: http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2017-38.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Mauro Napoletano, 2018. "Market disequilibrium, monetary policy, and financial markets: insights from new tools," LEM Papers Series 2018/17, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    2. Mauro Napoletano, 2017. "A Short Walk on the Wild Side: Agent-Based Models and their Implications for Macroeconomic Analysis," GREDEG Working Papers 2017-40, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    3. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Mauro Napoletano, 2018. "Hétérogénéité des agents, interconnexions financières et politique monétaire : une approche non conventionnelle," GREDEG Working Papers 2018-34, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    4. Mauro Napoletano, 2018. "A short walk on the wild side : agent based models and their implications for macroeconomic analysis," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/2qdhj5485p9, Sciences Po.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    connaissance imparfaite; court terme; équilibre; flexibilité; long terme; réformes structurelles; rigidité;

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