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Économie des algorithmes et ordre concurrentiel - Réflexions sur les abus d'exploitation et les collusions fondés sur des algorithmes de prix

Author

Listed:
  • Frédéric Marty

    (Université Côte d'Azur, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

Abstract

Il s'agit de s'interroger sur les problèmes concurrentiels qui peuvent procéder de l'utilisation d'algorithmes de prix. La masse des données disponibles et les capacités de traitement des algorithmes (notamment via l'intelligence artificielle) rendent possibles des stratégies de discrimination parfaite par les prix, qui peuvent se traduire par des abus d'exploitation et peuvent favoriser l'émergence et le maintien d'équilibres de collusion tacite. Nous montrons les difficultés que peuvent rencontrer les règles de concurrence pour contrecarrer de tels risques et considérons d'autres types de réponses tenant à une régulation publique ou à l'exercice de contrepoids par les consommateurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Marty, 2017. "Économie des algorithmes et ordre concurrentiel - Réflexions sur les abus d'exploitation et les collusions fondés sur des algorithmes de prix," GREDEG Working Papers 2017-14, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2017-14
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    File URL: http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2017-14.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2017
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    algorithmes; données massives; intelligence artificielle; discrimination par les prix; collusion tacite;

    JEL classification:

    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • K24 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Cyber Law
    • L41 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Monopolization; Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce

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