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La difficile conciliation entre politique de concurrence et politique industrielle : le soutien aux énergies renouvelables

Author

Listed:
  • Patrice Bougette

    (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

  • Christophe Charlier

    (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

Abstract

En avril 2014, la Commission européenne a révisé ses Lignes directrices sur les aides d'Etat en matière d'énergie et d'environnement. Dans cet article, nous montrons comment l'analyse économique des effets des aides participe à la politique de la concurrence et propose un cadre rigoureux d'évaluation. Nous soulignons cependant que la manière dont les Lignes directrices présentent la nécessité des aides publiques est discutable. Deux logiques s'opposent en réalité, l'une distributive consistant à ne pas pénaliser les pollueurs domestiques vis-à-vis de la concurrence internationale, l'autre incitative dont l'objectif est de régler des externalités résiduelles. La Commission semble admettre trop rapidement les limites des politiques environnementales et ne met pas suffisamment en avant les externalités positives technologiques liées à l'innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrice Bougette & Christophe Charlier, 2015. "La difficile conciliation entre politique de concurrence et politique industrielle : le soutien aux énergies renouvelables," GREDEG Working Papers 2015-13, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2015-13
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    Keywords

    Aides d'Etat; Energies renouvelables; Lignes directrices; Politique industrielle; Politique de la concurrence; Commission européenne;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General

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