A agricultura nas negociações multilaterais da Rodada Doha e suas implicações para o Brasil
This article aims to analyse the evolution of world trade, with emphasis on the multilateral negotiations, since GATT was created in 1948, through the current Doha round of WTO. The role of institutions in building a favourable environment for free trade, particularly in agriculture, is stressed. After all, not only has the farming sector been crucial for the negotiations to succeed, but also for the trade relations of many developing countries, including Brazil. Besides, agriculture has been one of the most protected sectors in world trade and as such out of reach of GATT regulation until the conclusion of the Uruguay Round. Given that subsidies, tariffs and other mechanisms of protection still prevail in agricultural policies of some countries, this sector still remains as the deadlock of the unfinished Doha Round. That is why the previous expectations of progresses in trade liberalization have given place to a widespread uncertainty as the negotiations carry on.
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