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Labor Markets in Transition in Central and Eastern Europe: 1989-1995


  • Allison, C.
  • Ringold, D.


Six years into the transition from planned to market economies in Central and Eastern Europe, high unemployment rates, including a growing proportion of the long-term unemployed, represent a serious challenge to social welfare systems and policymakers. This paper analyzes labor market development in nine transition countries of the region by focusing on the dynamics of labor force behavior, employment, and unemployment. The countries include Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia.

Suggested Citation

  • Allison, C. & Ringold, D., 1997. "Labor Markets in Transition in Central and Eastern Europe: 1989-1995," Papers 352, World Bank - Technical Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:wobate:352

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    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform


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