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Risk, Optimal Government Finance, and Monetary Policies in a Growing Economy

Author

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  • Grinols, E-L
  • Turnovsky, S-J

Abstract

Optimal tax and monetary policies in a stochastic monetary growth model are investigated. Our findings are of three general types. First, both capital income taxes and monetary growth are shown to influence the economy through effective risk adjusted measures, expressed as a linear function of their respective means and variances. Second, two stochastic netrality results relating to money and bonds, the two nominal assets in the economy, are identified. Third optimal policy rules relating to taxes, bond finance, and money creation are characterized. An essential component of optimal financial policy is a risk-adjusted balanced budget.

Suggested Citation

  • Grinols, E-L & Turnovsky, S-J, 1997. "Risk, Optimal Government Finance, and Monetary Policies in a Growing Economy," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 97-10, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:washer:97-10
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    Cited by:

    1. Turnovsky, Stephen J. & Chattopadhyay, Pradip, 2003. "Volatility and growth in developing economies: some numerical results and empirical evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 267-295, March.
    2. Ratbek Dzhumashev, 2007. "Corruption, Uncertainty And Growth," Monash Economics Working Papers 15-07, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    3. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2005. "Production risk and the functional distribution of income in a developing economy: tradeoffs and policy responses," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 175-208, February.
    4. Giuliano, Paola & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2003. "Intertemporal substitution, risk aversion, and economic performance in a stochastically growing open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 529-556, August.
    5. Pommeret, Aude & Smith, William T., 2005. "Fertility, volatility, and growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 87(3), pages 347-353, June.
    6. Djumashev, R, 2007. "Corruption, uncertainty and growth," MPRA Paper 3716, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Stephen Turnovsky & Marcelo Bianconi, "undated". "The Welfare Gains from Stabilization in a Stochastically Growing Economy with Idiosyncratic Shocks and Flexible Labor Supply," Working Papers UWEC-2004-08-P, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
    8. Wälde, Klaus, 2011. "Production technologies in stochastic continuous time models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 616-622, April.
    9. Stilianos Fountas & Menelaos Karanasos, 2008. "Are economic growth and the variability of the business cycle related? Evidence from five European countries," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 445-459.
    10. Gong, Liutang & Zou, Heng-fu, 2012. "Risk-taking, fiscal policies, asset pricing, and stochastic growth with the spirit of capitalism," MPRA Paper 37426, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Dzhumashev, Ratbek, 2008. "Corruption and Disposable Risk," MPRA Paper 11772, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    RISK ; ECONOMIC GROWTH ; MONETARY POLICY ; TAXATION ; ECONOMIC MODELS;

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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