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Government Support of Commercial R&D: Lessons from the Israeli Experience

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  • Trajtenberg, M.

Abstract

Israel constitutes an interesting laboratory case of government intervention in the realm of R&D policy. The recognized scientific and technological prowess of the country was leveraged by extensive government support to commercial R&D projects. The Israeli High Tech sector has grown remarkably fast since the mid-1980s, and it is quite likely that indeed government policies significantly contributed to its success. In this paper we review in detail these policies, as well as the challenges that confront them: The design of alternative allocation schemes for R&D grants in view of a rigid budget constraint; possible ways of departing from neutrality, the conditionality of production in Israel; the difficulties in setting a policy target for R&D spending, etc.

Suggested Citation

  • Trajtenberg, M., 2001. "Government Support of Commercial R&D: Lessons from the Israeli Experience," Papers 2001-8, Tel Aviv.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:teavfo:2001-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Productivity, R&D, and the Data Constraint," NBER Chapters,in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 347-374 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Goolsbee, Austan, 1998. "Does Government R&D Policy Mainly Benefit Scientists and Engineers?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 298-302, May.
    3. Lach, Saul, 2002. "Do R&D Subsidies Stimulate or Displace Private R&D? Evidence from Israel," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(4), pages 369-390, December.
    4. Isabel Busom, 2000. "An Empirical Evaluation of The Effects of R&D Subsidies," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 111-148.
    5. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel, 1996. "Trade in ideas Patenting and productivity in the OECD," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-4), pages 251-278, May.
    6. Charles I. Jones & John C. Williams, 1998. "Measuring the Social Return to R&D," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1119-1135.
    7. Tor Jakob Klette & Jarle Møen, 1999. "From Growth Theory to Technology Policy - Coordination Problems in Theory and Practice," Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, vol. 25, pages 53-74.
    8. Paul M. Romer, 2001. "Should the Government Subsidize Supply or Demand in the Market for Scientists and Engineers?," NBER Chapters,in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, pages 221-252 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Bregman, Arie & Fuss, Melvyn & Regev, Haim, 1991. "High tech and productivity: Evidence from Israeli industrial firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1199-1221, August.
    10. Trajtenberg, Manuel, 2001. "Innovation in Israel 1968-1997: a comparative analysis using patent data," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 363-389, March.
    11. Scherer, F M, 1982. "Inter-Industry Technology Flows and Productivity Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 64(4), pages 627-634, November.
    12. Griliches, Zvi & Regev, Haim, 1995. "Firm productivity in Israeli industry 1979-1988," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 175-203, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Giebe, Thomas & Grebe, Tim & Wolfstetter, Elmar, 2006. "How to allocate R&D (and other) subsidies: An experimentally tested policy recommendation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1261-1272, November.
    2. Wonglimpiyarat, Jarunee, 2016. "Exploring strategic venture capital financing with Silicon Valley style," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 80-89.
    3. repec:rnp:ecopol:ep1755 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lobo Aleu, José Félix & Kujal, Praveen & García, Clara Eugenia & Desmet, Klaus, 2003. "Implementing R and D policies : an analysis of Spain's pharmaceutical research program," UC3M Working papers. Economics we035923, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    5. Rockett, Katharine, 2010. "Property Rights and Invention," Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, Elsevier.
    6. Desmet, Klaus & Kujal, Praveen & Lobo, Felix, 2004. "Implementing R&D policies: an analysis of Spain's pharmaceutical research program," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1493-1507, December.
    7. Pontus Braunerhjelm & Per Thulin, 2008. "Can countries create comparative advantages? R&D expenditures, high-tech exports and country size in 19 OECD countries, 1981-1999," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 95-111.
    8. Wonglimpiyarat, Jarunee, 2016. "Government policies towards Israel's high-tech powerhouse," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 52, pages 18-27.
    9. Amir Shoham & Gil Avnimelech, 2012. "The development of the successful high tech sector in Israel, 1969-2009," World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(1), pages 53-69.
    10. Manuel Trajtenberg, 2009. "Innovation Policy for Development: An Overview," Chapters,in: The New Economics of Technology Policy, chapter 26 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ; INNOVATIONS ; TECHNOLOGY;

    JEL classification:

    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods

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