IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/fth/teavfo/20-99.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Party Loyalty as Habit Formation

Author

Listed:
  • Shachar, R.

Abstract

In most democracies, at least two out of any three individuals vote for the same party in sequential elections. Here I show that stands on the issues, candidates' attributes and individuals' demographics do not account for all of the persistence over time in voting decisions. I present a new theory that suggests that the excess persistence in voting decisions is due to habit formation, which means that utility is a function of previous voting decisions. The theory is tested using panel data on the presidential elections in the U.S. in 1972 and 1976. Diagnostic tests support the habit hypothesis and its implications and reject an alternative hypothesis presented by previous voting theories. Furthermore, the structural model is used to estimate the effect of habit, while allowing unobserved differences among respondents. The structural habit parameter implies that the effect of previous votes on current decision is quite strong. For example, an individual whose voting probability for the democratic party is 50 percent if she voted for its candidate in the previous elections, would have a voting probability of only 28.5 percent if her previous vote was for the Republican candidate instead. These results do not change when the model is extended to include the participation decision.

Suggested Citation

  • Shachar, R., 1999. "Party Loyalty as Habit Formation," Papers 20-99, Tel Aviv.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:teavfo:20-99
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ESTIMATOR ; ECONOMIC MODELS ; SOCIAL CHOICE ; VOTING;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fth:teavfo:20-99. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/fotauil.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.